BUFM 96: Early Neolithic Settlement Brunn am Gebirge, Wolfholz, in Lower Austria Volume 2
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We had our first contact with Brunn am Gebirge, site 3 in 1989. In this month, a public motorway project was started, which had been planned for decades. The Viennese ‘Außenring Autobahn A21’ (also ‘Alland Autobahn’) is a motorway in eastern Austria and part of Europastraße 60. It connects the ‘West-Autobahn A1’ at traffic junction Steinhäusl with the ‘Süd-Autobahn A2’ at the junction of Vösendorf, where it joins into the ‘Wiener Außenring Schnellstraße S1’. The former ‘Brunner Feldstraße’, also called ‘S12’, was redirected so that the bypass around the Theresienau farm, a part of the Brenner-Felsach estate, could enable a considerably wider roadway than the former one, which led over the farm. During the realisation of this building project, I first took note of the excavation work that started with a caterpillar in the northern area of Brunn am Gebirge, Wolfholz at the beginning of September 1989.
At first, I found the remains of Brunn site 1, some weeks later the findings from site 3 and further on in the road construction process, a few hundred metres to the south, site 2. The main part of site 3 was excavated very carefully only much later in 1999. The construction of a gas station enabled us to document a planned excavation. In total, twelve houses or parts of houses could be investigated in 1989 and 1999. A large part of Brunn am Gebirge, site 3, according to magnetic investigations, is still preserved, waiting for further explorations. The magnetic prospection showed us about 150 houses including all houses already excavated. Considering all areas, which could not yet be studied, it would be possible that the number of longhouses exceeds 200 or maybe even 250.
The chronological frame for Brunn is fixed with the sequence 2, 3, 4, (5), 1 and 6, with an absolute chronology from 5650 to 5050 calBC. Site 3 gave us the best-preserved longhouses from all areas of Brunn Wolfholz. Because its surface is completely flat, erosion did not destroy as much as on other sites at Brunn. Site 3 belongs to the Milanovce phase of the Linear Pottery culture (LPC).
|Autor / Herausgeber
||Peter Stadler & Nadezhda Kotova (Hrsg.)
||30,4 x 21,4cm
|Ort / Erscheinungsjahr
||Langenweißbach & Wien 2021
||782 Seiten mit vielen farbigen Abbildungen, Englisch, Zusammenfassung Deutsch, Karten, Pläne und Tafeln
||Beier & Beran.